“The Jewish community of the land of Israel no longer had a recognized social elite or “establishment,” and the Jews of the diaspora no longer had a center that bound them together. This was the vacuum the rabbis tried to fill”

In 70 C.E., the temple was destroyed, the high priesthood and the sanhedrin ceased to exist, and the priests lost not only their jobs, but also the institutional base of their power. The Jewish community[…]

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